Citing Sources
Citing Sources

These links give specific examples of how to create citations from various sources; print and electronic, (APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, CSE.)

Online: A Reference Guide to Using Internet Resources, Citation Styles. 

Duke University: Excellent Resource for all citation methods. 

Owl @ Purdue: MLA or APA 

+ ~ + ~ APA Help + ~ + ~ 

How to Type your Paper APA Style - OLD

How to Type your Paper APA Style - Microsoft Word 2007

APA Sample Paper

APA Notes

Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style

APA Citation Game ~ Practice

The Anatomy of a Citation

+ ~ + ~ MLA Help + ~ + ~ 
MLA Sample Paper

How to Type your Paper MLA Style

MLA Citation Game ~ Practice

MLA Basics

MLA Cheat Sheet

2009 Updates: No More Underlining

Overview of MLA & APA

  • What is MLA? Modern Language Association: 
    The MLA Style is the citation style used most often by scholars in the humanities.
    This section explains the MLA style of documenting sources in research papers. Your "Works Cited" section should be arranged in alphabetical order by author or title (if no author) and should appear at the end of your paper. The library has Joseph Gibaldi's MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th edition, available to check-out. 

    "Underlining vs. italics: Though MLA style traditionally recommended underlining the titles of major works, many publications now utilize italics. The MLA Web site addresses this fascinating controversy! "Most word processing programs and computer printers permit the reproduction of italic type. In material that will be graded or edited for publication, however, the type style of every letter and punctuation mark must be easily recognizable. Italic type is sometimes not distinctive enough for this purpose. . .If you wish to use italics rather than underlining, check your instructor's or editor's preferences." 

    Other tips: 
  • If no author is given, start the citation with the title.
  • Abbreviate the names of all months except May, June and July.
  • Indent the second line and all other lines 5 spaces. 

  • What is APA? APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. The Owl at Purdue, APA Style.

    For the most part, the APA style documentation system is used in the social and natural sciences like Psychology, Sociology, and Anthropology. It is not exclusive, however, and will be found used in fields of study ranging from Business to Biology. Inserted at the point of reference, an in-text parenthetical citation containing the author's name and the date of publication interacts with the end documentation by pointing to a specific entry on the References List page. 
    The APA's in-text citation system follows a parenthetical format, much like the MLA's, however; it emphasizes authors and dates of publication. The reason for this is that authors and dates of research are important benchmarks denoting relevancy and validity in both the social and the natural sciences. The format is more complex than the MLA. Each citation includes the last name of the author and the year of publication. In some cases, chapters, paragraphs and page numbers are required. Placed inside parentheses, the citation appears just before the period at the end of the sentence. In the case of quoted material, the citation is placed between the final quotation mark and the period at the end of the sentence. 


    The University of Minnesota, "Quick Study: Library Research Guide."
    01 Sept 1999. 6 Sep 2007 <http:"" infomachine.asp?moduleid="10&lessonID=28">.

    Valenza, Joyce. "Plagiarism." 2000. Springfield Township High School Library. 6 Sep 2007 <http:"" shs="" library="" mla.html="">.